Natural bitumen in paint, Ink, coat, asphalt, foundry and construction.
Paving road by Natural bitumen have long been used long time before including high speed automotive highways. It was found many years ago that an asphaltic material occurring naturally as a large area in Turkey made up of bitumen containing natural asphalt products including hydrocarbone.
It is used for insulation and protection of underground pipe as paint consisting essentially of 20 gallons of petroleum solvent, 10 gallons of linseed oil, 10 gallons turpentine, pounds of natural bitumen pigment, 4 gallons varnish mixture consisting of 17.8% pentaerythritol rosin ester, 30.8% dehydrated castor oil, 1.4% of a mixture of lead, cobalt and manganese naphthenates, 1 gallon wetting agent consisting essentially of salts of petroleum sulfonic acids, 2 quarts of drier, and 1 pint of a hydrocarbon silicon penetrating oil, obtained by heating a mixture of finely ground silicon dioxide under pressure to a temperature of about 300 F. with a distillate product obtained by subjecting natural bitumen to fractional distillation, said distillate product being that fraction which distills at a temperature range of about 430 F. to 438 F.
Natural bitumen in FLC(fluid loss control)
It is use in drilling fluid such as clay-based dispersions or muds, to coat the walls of well holes, is an old and well-established procedure. The purpose of the fluid is to stabilize the walls of the hole by forming a relatively thin but strongly adherent coating or "cake" on the walls. The coating must be able to withstand relatively high temperatures and it should be resistant to the passage of moisture or fluid there through; otherwise the desired wall stability is not maintained.
Natural bitumen in Ink
Natural bitumen is widely used as the primary carbon black wetting agent for black news inks and headset and toner inks. ATDM product resin competes advantageously with hydrocarbon resins, phenolic resins.
Natural bitumen in Asphalt
We discovered that a synthetic flux oil can contain and deliver asphaltites, such as natural bitumen, more easily and readily to an asphalt to improve its properties. The synthetic flux oil includes the asphaltite and a carrier oil. Depending on the nature of the carrier oil, the synthetic flux oil may or may not need to be heated during mixing and incorporation into the asphalt.
Natural bitumen in Construction
Natural bitumen cement compositions are disclosed which utilize petroleum asphalt, mineral bitumen, a reactive oil and an elastomer. These compositions produce superior natural bitumen cement that can give low viscosity during application followed by high viscosity, toughness and tenacity after curing on the highway.
Natural bitumen in Foundry
It is an additive for foundry sand preblends providing reduced smoke and other emissions, the additive comprising a mixture of one part iron oxide as one part of a highly volatile carbonaceous material, and four parts of metallurgical coke. The additive is used as one quarter of the foundry sand preblend, the other three quarters consisting essentially of clays.
Packing of industrial natural bitumen in lump and powder form also micronized:
Natural bitumen in lump form like rock packed in 500~1000kg jumbo bag
200 mesh packed in 500~1000kg jumbo bag
300 mesh packed in 500~1000kg jumbo bag
30-40 mesh packed in 500~1000kg jumbo bag
100 mesh packed in 500~1000kg jumbo bag
300 mesh packed in 25kg pp bag
200 mesh packed 25kg multi paper bag
200 mesh packed 50lbs multi paper bag
30-40 mesh packed pp bag on pallet
Bulk on vessel
Natural bitumen and extra-heavy oil are characterized by high viscosity, high density (low API gravity), and high concentrations of nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur, and heavy metals. These characteristics lead to higher prices for extraction, transportation, and processing than are incurred with conventional oil. Despite their price and technical challenges, major international oil companies have found it desirable to acquire, develop, and produce these resources in increasing volumes. large in-place resource volumes provide a reliable long-term flow of liquid hydrocarbons and supply substantial payoff for any incremental improvements in recovery. High oil costs during 2007 and 2008 spurred new development and production that, in turn, have intensified concern concerning environmental effects of production increases.
Natural bitumen and extra-heavy oil are the remnants of terribly large volumes of conventional oils that are generated and degraded, principally by bacterial action. chemically and texturally, bitumen and extra-heavy oil resemble the residuum generated by refinery distillation of light oil. The resource base of natural bitumen and extra-heavy oil is immense and not a constraint on the expansion of production. These resources will create an important contribution to future oil offer if they'll be extracted and transformed into usable refinery feedstock at sufficiently high rates and at prices that are competitive with alternative sources.
In addition to conventional petroleum, there are 2 other materials that offer some relief to the potential shortfalls within the supply of liquid fuels and other products.
These heavy oil, found in various reservoirs, and bitumen, found in tar-sand deposits. Tar sand (also referred to as oil sand and bituminous sand) could be a sand deposit that's impregnated with dense, viscous material that's usually immobile under reservoir conditions. Tar-sand deposits are found throughout the world, often within the same geographical areas as petroleum, including and heavy oil.
The heavy oil in various reservoirs and also the bitumen in various tar-sand deposits represent a potentially large provide of energy. However, many of the reserves are available only with some difficulty and optional refinery scenarios are necessary for conversion of those materials to liquid products, because of the substantial differences in character between conventional petroleum and heavy oil when compared to tar-sand bitumen . However, because of the diversity of available info and the continuing attempts to delineate the various world tar-sand deposits, it's virtually impossible to present accurate numbers that reflect the extent of the reserves in terms of the barrel unit. Indeed, investigations into the extent of many of the world’s deposits are continuing at such a rate that the numbers vary from one year to the next. accordingly, the info quoted here should be recognized as approximate, with the potential of being quite different from one year to the next. the general lack of a cohesive definition for heavy oil and for bitumen has prevented accurate estimation of those reserves. What can be classed heavy oil or bitumen in one locale can be classed otherwise in another locale. it's apparent that bitumen is different to conventional petroleum and heavy oil.
Natural bitumen API
The definition of heavy oil has been terribly loosely based on the API gravity or viscosity. Such a definition of heavy oil is quite arbitrary and too general to be technologically accurate. There are attempts to rationalize the definition based upon viscosity, API gravity, and density however they also suffer from a lack of technical accuracy. most important, the flow properties of heavy oil are reduced relative to conventional crude oil and heavy oil is much more difficult to recover from the subsurface reservoir. These materials have a high viscosity (and low API gravity) relative to the viscosity (and API gravity) of conventional petroleum and recovery of heavy oil usually needs thermal stimulation of the reservoir.
Simply, bitumen is substantially non-volatile and immobile at reservoir temperatures. In fact, petroleum, and therefore the equivalent term crude oil cover a vast assortment of materials consisting of gaseous and liquid hydrocarbon-type chemical compounds that occur in sedimentary strata throughout the world. once petroleum occurs in a reservoir that permits the crude material to be recovered by pumping operations, as a free-flowing dark-to-light-colored liquid, it's often referred to as conventional oil. heavy oil and bitumen require more energy-dependent ways of recovery from the heavy oil reservoir or from the bitumen deposit.
Natural bitumen resources
Natural bitumen accumulations in the united states are generally called “tar sands,” a generic term that has been used for many decades to explain petroleum-bearing rocks exposed on the Earth’s surface .Other terms for such accumulations include oil sand, oil-impregnated sand, asphaltic sand, rock asphalt, bituminous rock, and bitumen-bearing rock. Natural bitumen is defined as petroleum with a gas-free viscosity greater than 10,000 centipoises (cp) at original reservoir temperature. petroleum with a gas-free viscosity between 10,000 and 100 cp is generally termed heavy crude oil. within the absence of viscosity information, oil with API gravity but 10 degrees is generally considered a natural bitumen (Danyluk and others, 1984), whereas oil with API gravity ranging from 10 degrees API to regarding 20 degrees API is considered heavy crude oil. The term “extra-heavy crude oil” is used for oil with a viscosity but 10,000 cp however with API gravity but 10 degrees. The locations of over 500 accumulations of natural bitumen within the us were compiled by Ball Associates Ltd. (1965), however resource estimates were provided for only a limited variety of the accumulations. the most recent study providing estimates of both measured and speculative in-place resources for the Nation’s major natural bitumen accumulations (those containing over 100 million barrels of oil [MMBO] in-place) was by Lewin and Associates, Inc. (1984). The estimates are from Lewin and Associates, Inc. (1984) for the conterminous us and from Kamath and others (1995) for northern alaska. These estimates represent in-place resources however don't represent either technically recoverable resources or economically recoverable resources. Recovery factors to determine technically or economically recoverable resources are difficult to predict, given that recovery procedures might vary from surface mining to subsurface technology like that involving steam-assisted gravity drainage from paired well bores. Measured resources are usually those estimated from areal dimensions and bitumen saturations of deposits at the surface. Speculative resources, on the other hand, are usually those representing the subsurface extension of a surface accumulation, therefore considerable uncertainty exists in estimating their volumes. as an example, estimates of the speculative in-place bitumen resource for the Tar Sand Triangle accumulation in Wayne and garfield Counties, Utah, vary from 420 million barrels of bitumen (Lewin and Associates, Inc., 1984) to 16 billion barrels of bitumen (Campbell and Ritzma, 1979).