Crude oil


What is a crude oil?

Crude oil, Over millions of years, the remains of these plants and animals were crushed and heated between layers of rocks and sand until they became underground pools of oil. We call this oil \”crude oil\” because it is not yet refined for use.

Crude oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in the liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities.

We use petroleum products to propel vehicles, to heat buildings, and to produce electricity. In the industrial sector, the petrochemical industry uses petroleum as a raw material (a feedstock) to make products such as plastics, polyurethane, solvents, and hundreds of other intermediate and end-user goods.

How to buy Crude Oil from ATDM?

1- crude oil will be sold only to end users including refiners or oil companies who are in possess a valid and unconditional processing and/or sale agreement with one of the confide and active oil refiners.

2- The applicant must be a reputable oil company having appropriate business and financial performance during last three years.

Note 1: An oil company is a company that is well known for its activities in oil upstream, downstream, and/or physical oil transactions.

Note 2: Appropriate business performance is defined as fulfilling the contractual obligations against parties concerned and having a good reputation in the execution of its sale/purchase contracts. Note

3: The appropriate financial performance is defined as fulfilling the financial obligations under the terms and conditions of oil contracts on time, without any failure or delay in payments for the concluded transactions.

4- The financial and credit status of applicants must be approved by three prime banks acceptable to ATDM.

5- The applicant should be able to open the required letter of credit for payment of crude oil purchased.

6- For registration, applicants should submit the following documents along with their request, addressing to ATDM Crude Oil sales department:

1) Articles of association as well as company’s registration certificates.

2) Names and particulars of the main shareholders of the company.

3) Financial statements (balance sheet and profit & loss statement) for the last three years audited and approved by an internationally reputable auditing firm.

4) Documents proving the ownership of a refinery or a valid and unconditional processing and/or a sale agreement with a bonafide and acceptable oil refinery to which the crude oil is destined.

5) Crude oil transaction background with countries and/or oil companies for the last three years.

6)Three financial and credit references from three prime banks acceptable to ATDM.

North West Europe*MediterraneanSidi KerirSouth AfricaAsia
Price  Index(FOB Kharg)(FOB Kharg)(FOB SidiKerir)(FOB Kharg)Price Index(FOB Kharg)



 -4.30 -4.70 -3.10 -4.30



Heavy -5.80 -6.25 -4.65 -5.80 -2.45
Forozan Blend-5.60-6.05 -4.45 -5.60 -2.25
SorooshHeavy -3.40Heavy -5.45
Nowrooz -3.40 -5.45
*: Freight adjustment to be applied.

Specification of light crude oil

SPECIFIC GRAVITY @ 15.56/15.56 °C0.8579ASTM          D-4052
API33.4\”          D-1298
SULPHUR CONIENT (Total)                        Wt%1.36\”          D-2622
** H2S CONTENT                                         PPM50RIPI
NITROGEN CONTENT (Total)                      Wt%0.26ASTM          D-4629
BASE SEDIMENT & WATER                        Vol%TRACE < 0.05\”          D-1796
WATER CONTENT                                       Vol%TRACE < 0.05\”          D-4006
SALT CONTENT                                           P.T.B16.0\”          D-3230
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 10 °C               *mm2/Sec15.97\”            D-445
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 20 °C               *mm2/Sec10.43\”            D-445
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 40 °C               *mm2/Sec5.838\”            D-445
POUR POINT                                                °C-8\”          D-5853
** R.V.P                                                          PSI8.90\”            D-323
ASPHALTENES                                             Wt%1.45IP-143
WAX- CONTENT                                           Wt%5.7BP-237
DROP MELTING POINT OF WAX               °C57IP-133
CARBON RESIDUE CONRADSON            Wt%3.67ASTM            D-189
ACIDTY, TOTAL                                            Mg KOH/gr0.11UOP-565
NICKEL CONTENT                                       PPM11.0UOP-800
VANADIUM CONTENT                                 PPM44.0UOP-800
IRON CONTENT                                           PPM< 2.0UOP-800
LEAD CONTENT                                           PPM< 1.0UOP-391
SODIUM CONTENT                                     PPM30.0UOP-391

Specification of heavy crude oil

SPECIFIC GRAVITY @ 5.56/15.56           °C0.8789ASTM          D-4052
API29.5\”           D-1298
SULPHUR CONIENT (Total)                     Wt%1.99D-2622
** H2S CONTENT                                     PPM80RIPI
NITROGEN CONTENT (Total)                  Wt%0.25ASTM          D-4629
BASE SEDIMENT & WATER                    Vol%TRACE < 0.05\”           D-1796
WATER CONTENT                                    Vol%TRACE < 0.05\”           D-4006
SALT CONTENT                                        P.T.B16.0\”           D-3230
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 10 °C            *mm2/Sec29.42\”             D-445
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 20 °C            *mm2/Sec21.50\”             D-445
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 40 °C            *mm2/Sec16.56\”             D-445
POUR POINT                                             °C-8\”           D-5853
** R.V.P                                                       PSI8.10\”             D-323
ASPHALTENES                                         Wt%3.90IP-143
WAX- CONTENT                                       Wt%6.0BP-237
CARBON RESIDUE CONRADSON         Wt%5.96ASTM            D-189
ACIDTY, TOTAL                                         Mg KOH/gr0.18UOP-565
NICKEL CONTENT                                    PPM23.0UOP-800
VANADIUM CONTENT                             PPM90.0UOP-800
IRON CONTENT                                        PPM5.4UOP-800
LEAD CONTENT                                       PPM< 1.0UOP-391
SODIUM CONTENT                                  PPM20.0UOP-391


Specification of Crude oil

TDS crude oil


MSDS of Crude oil

msds crude oil

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